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De Indis and the Americans in Francisco de Vitoria

Posted By Italia M. Cannataro, Thursday, May 11, 2017

De Indis and the Americans in Francisco de Vitoria

One of the classical problem confronting the discipline of history of political thought,  is how order is created among sovereign states. The identification  has encouraged us seeking to clarify Vitoria’s place within the discipline to explore his work in terms of his understanding and treatment of this problem. Those are the questions that Vitoria handle in De indis Noviter Inventis and De Iure Bellis Hispanorum in Barbaros (1532).

Vitoria’s two lectures, as their titles suggest, are essentially concerned with relations between the Spanish and the Indians. Colonialism is the central theme of these two works. It is hardly possible to ignore the fact that Vitoria is preoccupied with a colonial relationship.  In those works, the author establishes certain rules that would allow the Catholic Monarchs to legalize the so-called colonization of America, but cleverly he also sets the basis of many rights of the indians, re – interpreting the idea of sovereignity, linked with two different system of law to account two different ideas of governance.


Keyword: Spanish – America, Colonialism, Sovereignity, Governance, Indis.


Italia Maria Cannataro

Researcher  in History of Politica thought, Foreign master, University of La Habana, Title of research “José Martì and cuban indipendence”. Her research interest regards: cuban indipendence, Latin – american identity, cuban liberalism, Ispano – American war, Castro and castroism,the cuestion del método and the cuban socialism, caudillos and authoritarism in South America. The idea of mestizaje in America. RSA membership, 2015, 2016, 2017. RSA Conference, Boston 2016, Title of speach: The philosophy of Francisco Suárez: an european scene in an american contest.

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Tags:  America  Colonialism  Governance  Indis  Sovereignity 

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