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Conference "Mixed Marriages in Europe," German Historical Institute Rome
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5/26/2011 to 5/27/2011
When: 5/26/2011
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Mixed Marriages in Europe: The Politics and Practices of Religious Plurality Between the Fourteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
International Conference at the German Historical Institute in Rome, May 26-27, 2011
Organizers: German Historical Institute Rome in cooperation with the Royal Netherlands Institute Rome. Sponsored by the Gerda Henkel Foundation.
Organization and Contact: Dr. Cecilia Cristellon,

Historical investigation into religious pluralism and multicultural coexistence has until now paid little attention to the subject of mixed marriages. Sources show that mixed marriages are documented from the late Middle Ages as a common practice, although they were not commonplace. In Europe the processes of confessionalization and nation state formation made mixed marriage into a political issue. Different types of authorities—ecclesiastical, state, local—both competed among themselves for, and simply sought to establish, control over interconfessional and interreligious marriages—alternately clashing, negotiating, and compromising. In the early modern period, mixed marriages helped to lay the foundations for religious coexistence and tolerance and to negotiate interconfessional and interreligious boundaries both internal (between Catholic, Protestant and Reformed, and Jewish communities and regions) and external (with the Muslim world, the East, and the New World). This international conference—the first dedicated specifically to this topic—will explore the potential of this new area of research. The papers will address the following issues: the emergence of the various systems of rules concerning mixed marriages; the institutions responsible for regulating them and the intermixing of politics and religion in this regulation; the political, social, and emotional elements that played roles in the processes of negotiating and overcoming religious and confessional boundaries; the many tensions underlying mixed marriages—conversion, gender roles, raising children; and the challenge of secularization.

Programme Thursday 26 May 2011 Greetings and Introduction 9:00 Michael Matheus (Rome) Bernard Stolte (Rome) Cecilia Cristellon (Rome) Introduzione/Introduction Institutions and the Construction of the Law I Chair: Alexander Koller (Rome) 9:30 Ermanno Orlando (Venice) Matrimoni misti tra greci e latini a Venezia (secoli XIV-XVI): dall’apertura alla chiusura/From Openness to Restriction: Mixed Marriages between Greek and Latin Christians in Venice between the Fourteenth and the Sixteenth Centuries 10:00 Ralf Frassek (Frankfurt am Main) Das frühe evangelische Eherecht des sächsischen Raumes und die Frage konfessionsverschiedener Ehen/Protestant Marriage Law in the Saxony Region and the Problem of Marriages between Adherents of Different Confessions 10:30 Discussion 11:00 Coffee Break Institutions and the Construction of the Law II Chair: Marina Caffiero (Rome) 11:30 Michael Khodarkovsky (Chicago/Berlin) Legal and Practical Aspects of Mixed Marriages in Early Modern Russia 12:00 Cecilia Cristellon (Rome) L’inquisizione romana e il controllo dei matrimoni misti in Europa in età moderna/The Roman Inquisition and the Control of Mixed Marriages in Early Modern Europe 12:30 Discussion 1:00 Lunch Religion, Politics, Emotions Chair: Amanda Eurich (Bellingham) 14:30 Dagmar Freist (Oldenburg) The Politics of Mixed Marriage: Queen Henrietta Maria as an Ambassador of the Catholic Faith in Seventeenth-Century England 15:00 Silvana Seidel Menchi (Pisa) Marrying Across Borders in the Eighteenth Century: Carl Eugen von Württemberg and His Three Women 15:30 Benjamin Marschke (Arcata) Cross-Confessional Marriages and the Limits of Religious Plurality: Changes in Confessional Identity and Conflict in the House of Hohenzollern in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Prussia 16:00 Discussion 16:30 Coffee Break Conflicts: Conversion, Gender Roles, and Raising Children Chair: Irene Fosi (Chieti-Pescara) 17:00 Magdalena Drexl (Essen) Glaube, Einfluss, Macht. Konfessionelle Konflikte zwischen Kurfürstin Anna und Kurfürst Johann Sigismund von Brandenburg/Faith, Influence, and Power: The Confessional Conflicts of Princess Anna and Prince Johann Sigismund von Brandenburg 17:30 Benjamin Kaplan (London) Child Kidnappings in the Dutch Republic: Struggles over the Religious Upbringing of the Children of Interfaith Couples 18:00 Discussion Friday 27 May 2011 Constructing and Negotiating Confessional Boundaries Chair: Heide Wunder (Bad Nauheim) 9:00 Amanda Eurich (Bellingham) The "Acid Test”: Intermarriage and Confessional Boundaries in Early Modern France 9:30 Bertand Forclaz (Neuchâtel) Attraverso il confine. I matrimoni misti nella diocesi di Basilea durante la Guerra dei Trent'Anni/ Across the Border: Mixed Marriages in the Diocese of Basel during the Thirty Years’ War 10:00 Discussion 10:30 Coffee Break Inclusion and Exclusion Chair: Gerard Delille (Paris/Rome) 11:00 Manuel Fernandez Chavez- Rafael Pérez García (Seville) The Marriage of "cristianos nuevos de moro” in Spain between the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Centuries 11:30 Marina Caffiero (Rome) Matrimoni alla turchesca. Inquisizione e unioni trasgressive tra cattolici e musulmani in terre di missione/The Inquisition and Transgressive Unions between Catholics and Muslims in Mission Territories 12:00 Laura Binz (Florence/Bern) Between Tridentine Doctrine and Local Practices: Latin Catholic Marriages in Constantinople, 1650-1750 12:30 Discussion 13:00 Lunch Religious (In)tolerance and the Challenge of Secularization Chair: Arthur Weststeijn (Rome) 14:30 Gian Ackermans (Nijmegen) Mischehen in der Missio Hollandica des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts: die katholische Perspektive/Mixed Marriages in the Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Dutch Mission: The Catholic Perspective 15:00 Ellinor Forster (Innsbruck) Die Diskussion und die Praxis der Ehen zwischen Katholiken, Protestanten und Juden in Österreich im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert/Marriages between Catholics, Protestants, and Jews in Austria: Debate and Practice in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries 15:30 Discussion 16:00 Coffee Break 16:20 Round Table Discussion Chair: Silvana Seidel Menchi (Pisa) Participants: Gerard Delille, Dagmar Freist, Benjamin Kaplan, Michael Khodarkovsky, Heide Wunder 18:00 Conference Conclusion

Simultaneous translation into English of the presentations in German and Italian will be provided.

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